Tuba Turan (2018) “The UN’s response to the underlying causes of the Arab Spring before and after the eruption of events: a critical assessment of the UN’s pursuit of its core values and purposes,” Middle Eastern Studies, 10.1080/00263206.2018.1448791

This article aims to assess whether the UN is effectively pursuing its core values and purposes, focusing on the Arab Spring and UN efforts in the MENA region. It examines how the UN responded to the long-standing causes of the Arab Spring uprisings, both before and after their eruption. After linking the conflict resolution literature with the literature on the root causes of the Arab Spring uprisings, the article surveys UN efforts between 1994 and 2017 regarding human development, democratization, human rights, conflict prevention and peacebuilding, alongside the resolutions of relevant UN bodies. This comprehensive survey of the activities of the UNDP, UN human rights machinery, human security apparatuses, and the General Assembly and Security Council suggests that the UN was limited in promoting its core values democratic governance and human rights, which could have addressed the long-standing root causes of the Arab Spring. The article concludes that the UN’s limitations, stemming from its non-interference principle also paved the way for power politics, external intervention and instability in the region

The full article is available from the Journal of Middle Eastern Studies at Taylor and Francis online.

Tuba Turan received her Ph.D. from the University of Essex (2014) and her LLM degree in International Law with International Relations from the University of Kent at Canterbury (2005).