Adedeji Ebo and Heiner Hänggi (eds.) , The United Nations and Security Sector Reform: Policy and Practice (LIT Verlag, 2019).

Summary
Security sector reform (SSR) has become an increasingly important feature in international peace, security and development initiatives. While fundamentally a national process, many countries draw on support from external actors offering financial resources, technical expertise, and lessons learned in various contexts. As a result, multilateral organizations have played, and continue to play, a vital role in supporting national efforts to make security provision, management and oversight more effective and more accountable. This applies in particular to the United Nations (UN), which has undertaken a concerted institutional effort over the last decade to achieve an organization-wide approach to SSR, starting from an initial narrow focus on post-conflict settings but later evolving to include broader peacebuilding and development perspectives.

This volume illustrates that the UN SSR agenda has come a long way in the relatively short time since the Secretary-General’s first report on SSR in 2008. It presents a range of perspectives on UN support to SSR, past and present, with a focus on institutional policy and operational practice and linkages between the two. Drawing from the experiences of UN practitioners, combined with those of external experts on SSR, this volume offers an in-depth exploration of the UN approach to SSR from a global perspective.

Together, the chapters of this volume make a strong case, explicitly or implicitly, that the UN approach to SSR should be echoed across all three pillars of the organization (peace and security, development, and human rights); that the focus of SSR support should be further broadened from its peacekeeping origins in line with the sustaining peace and prevention agenda; and, most importantly, that UN involvement in SSR support should be concentrated on bridging the remaining gaps between policy and practice.

About the Co-Editor
Heiner Hänggi is Deputy Director and Head of the Policy and Research Department at DCAF, the Geneva Centre for Security Sector Governance. Previously, he served as the head of DCAF’s Research Division and led the development of DCAF’s operational engagement in Southeast Asia. He has worked extensively on conceptualizing SSR as an analytical and policy tool and facilitating the development of the SSR support approaches of multilateral organizations, including the United Nations (UN) and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) among others. He is also an Adjunct Professor of political science at the University of St.Gallen in Switzerland, where he teaches graduate courses on security governance and Asia-Pacific security. Prior to joining DCAF, he held a number of posts in international journalism and academic research. He holds a doctorate in Staatswissenschaften (Political Science, Economics, Law) from the University of St. Gallen and has served as a visiting scholar at think tanks and universities in Japan, Singapore and the United States. His has published widely on international affairs and security governance. He is a co-editor of Security Sector Reform and UN Integrated Mission (published by LIT), Governing the Bomb: Civilian Control and Democratic Accountability of Nuclear Weapons (Oxford University Press), Interregionalism and International Relations (Routledge), and The ‘Double Democratic Deficit’: Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force under International Auspices (Ashgate), among others.