The Oxford Handbook of Governance and Limited Statehood, edited by Thomas Risse, Tanja A. Börzel, and Anke Draude (Oxford University Press, 2018)

Chapter 5: Laura Sjoberg and J. Samuel Barkin, “Critical Approaches” 

Chapter 11: Marianne Beisheim, Anne Ellersiek, and Jasmin Lorch, “INGOs and Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships” 

Critical Approaches
This chapter looks for the contributions in both actual and potential intersections between critical theorizing and work on governance in areas of limited statehood. It does so, first, by giving a brief introduction to what the broad-brush idea of critical approaches includes, and what those approaches share. From there, it moves on to the contributions to the study of governance in areas of limited statehood from critically oriented theory, focusing on three approaches: feminist theory, post-colonial/decolonial theory, and post-structuralist theory. These three approaches are chosen as a focus because they provide an interesting cross-section of potential implications. The chapter concludes by considering the relationships among the various contributions of critical theorizing to thinking about governance in areas of limited statehood.

About the Authors
Laura Sjoberg
Laura Sjoberg is Associate Professor of Political Science, University of Florida.

Samuel Barkin
J. Samuel Barkin is professor of global governance in the McCormack Graduate School at the University of Massachusetts Boston, MA, USA.

INGOs and Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships
This chapter analyses two groups of non-profit external non-state governance actors that are active in areas of limited statehood (ALS): international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) and multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs). After some examples of the collective goods these actors provide in contexts of limited statehood, their effectiveness is assessed in terms of output, outcome, and impact. It is found that in ALS, the activities of MSPs and INGOs can become part of the solution, but may also exacerbate existing problems. Empirical research shows that it is already demanding for INGOs and MSPs to produce good output in ALS, let alone broader impact. The analysis provides insights on the conditions under which INGOs and MSPs can—and cannot—successfully provide governance in ALS and how their activities impact limited statehood itself. Finally, the findings are discussed against the background of recent trends affecting governance by external state and non-state actors in ALS. Although an understanding of justice is inherent in broad human rights discourses, there is no clear consensus on how to integrate and reconcile these concepts – both as a means of advancing knowledge and as a mechanism for the development of sound and effective policy at the global, regional, and national levels. Further, expansions of the boundaries of both human rights and justice make any clear and settled understanding of the relation difficult to ascertain. This volume tackles these issues in a coherent and complementary manner. It examines a range of philosophical, economic, and social perspectives that are key to understanding the nature of the linkages between human rights and justice, written by scholars who are at varying stages of their careers, and whose ongoing work has sparked dialogue and exchange within and across these fields.

This work will be of interest to students and scholars of human rights, international relations and ethics.

About the Authors
Marianne Beisheim is senior researcher at the SWP German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin, Germany.

Anne Ellersiek is a postdoctoral research associate at the SWP German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin, Germany.

Jasmin Lorch is a postdoctoral research fellow at the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies (IMES), Hamburg/Berlin, and lecturer at the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany