Associate Professor in International Relations
University of Leeds


Areas of Expertise

Human Rights, Human Security, International Affairs, International Criminal Court, International Justice, International Law, Peace and Security, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, The Responsibility to Protect, Transitional Justice

Cristina Stefan (formerly Badescu) is the Co-Director of the European Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (ECR2P) and an Associate Professor in International Relations at the University of Leeds, in the School of Politics and International Studies. She joined Leeds in 2014, after teaching international relations, transitional justice and peace and conflict studies in Canada, at Western University and at the University of Toronto.

Cristina holds a Ph.D. (2007) in International Relations from The University of Western Ontario (Western University) in Canada. She was a Visiting Fellow at The Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The City University of New York, and a SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. She returned to academic research in 2014 after an interlude as a consultant for a public opinion research firm in Toronto, Canada. Cristina is a Senior Analyst with the Global Governance Institute in Brussels, and Convenor of the British International Studies Association Intervention and R2P Working Group (BISA IR2PWG). Her research interests span the topics of global institutional responsibility, normative theory, the responsibility to protect (R2P), human rights, international criminal justice, prevention, and civilian protection.

Recent Publications

Badescu, Cristina G. 2011. Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Security and Human Rights. London: Routledge (2011 hardcover, 2012 reprint paperback)

Stefan Cristina, 2017. On non-Western norm shapers: Brazil and the Responsibility while Protecting” European Journal of International Security, 2 (1), pp. 88–110.

Stefan, Cristina G. 2016. “Brazil and the ‘responsibility while protecting’ initiative: norms and the timing of diplomatic support” Global Governance. Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 41-58 (with Kai M. Kenkel).

Stefan, Cristina G. 2016. “The Ethics of International Criminal ‘Lawfare’” International Criminal Law Review Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 237-257 (with Kirsten Fisher).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2014. “The Evolution of International Responsibility: from Responsibility to Protect to Responsibility While Protecting,” International Studies Journal, Vol. 11, Issue 1, Summer 2014, pp. 45-77. In French and English.

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “Misrepresenting R2P and Advancing Norms: An Alternative Spiral?” International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 354-374 (with Thomas Weiss).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “Canada’s Continuing Engagement with United Nations Peace Operations” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 45-60.

Badescu, Cristina G. 2009. “The Responsibility to Protect and the Conflict in Darfur: The Big Let-down.” Security Dialogue, Vol. 40, Issue 3, pp. 287-309 (with Linnea Bergholm).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2007. “Authorizing Humanitarian Intervention: Hard Choices in Saving Strangers,” Canadian Journal of Political Science (CJPS), Vol. 40, Issue 1, pp. 51-78.

Stefan, Cristina G. Forthcoming 2017. “Canada and the International Responsibilities to Protect and Prosecute in Cases of Mass Atrocity”, in Neil Hibbert and David McGrane, eds., Contemporary Canadian Political Theory, Toronto: Toronto University Press (with Kirsten Fisher).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2010. “The African Union,” in David Black and Paul D. Williams, eds., The International Politics of Mass Atrocities: The Case of Darfur. London: Routledge (with Linnea Bergholm).

Badescu, Cristina G. 2009. “‘The Responsibility to Protect’: Embracing Sovereignty and Human Rights,” in Noha Shawki and Michaelene Cox, eds., Negotiating Sovereignty and Human Rights: Actors and Issues in Contemporary Human Rights Politics. Farnham: Ashgate.

Updated December, 2018