California State University, Fresno


Areas of Expertise
Civil Society, European Union, Global Governance, Human Rights, Intergovernmental Organizations, International Affairs, International Non-Governmental Organizations, International Organizations

Region of Focus

Melanie Ram earned her Ph.D. in Political Science from George Washington University (Washington, DC) and is currently Professor of International Relations and Chair of the Department of Political Science at California State University, Fresno. Her research explores how intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) influence domestic policies and politics, how IGOs affect civil society advocacy and ethnic minority representation, and how NGO advocacy in turn impacts IGO policies. She also studies IGO agenda-setting and IGO-IGO collaboration. Her regional specialization is Europe, especially Central and Eastern Europe, and the majority of her work applies these IGO and NGO questions to the issue of minority rights in Europe, in particular the issue of Roma inclusion and discrimination. Her research also builds on her professional experience in international development and donor coordination, having spent a number of years working in the Washington, DC office of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the official development assistance agency of the Government of Japan. Dr. Ram’s work has been published in Global Governance, Ethnopolitics, Europe-Asia Studies, Comparative European Politics, and Studies in Comparative International Development, among others.

Recent Publications

“International Organization Autonomy and Issue Emergence: The World Bank’s Roma Inclusion Agenda,” Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations 23, no. 4 (Oct-Dec. 2017): 565-582.

“International Policy and Roma Education in Europe: Essential Inputs or Centralized Distractions?” Inclusion and Education Rights of Roma Children. Special issue of Alberta Journal of Educational Research 61, no. 4 (Winter 2015): 465-483.

“Europeanized Hypocrisy: Roma Inclusion and Exclusion in Central and Eastern Europe,” Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 13, no. 3 (2014): 15-44.

“European Integration, Migration, and Representation: The Case of Roma in France,” Ethnopolitics 13, no. 3 (May 2014): 203-224.

“Legacies of EU Conditionality: Explaining Post-Accession Adherence to Pre-Accession Rules on Roma,” Europe – Asia Studies 64, no. 7 (Sept. 2012): 1191-1218.

“Lost in Transition? Europeanization and the Roma,” L’Europe en Formation 364 (summer 2012): 417-434.

“Roma Advocacy and EU Conditionality: Not One without the Other?” Comparative European Politics 9, no. 2 (March 2011): 217-241.

“Interests, Norms, and Advocacy: Explaining the Emergence of the Roma onto the EU’s Agenda,” Ethnopolitics 9, no. 2 (June 2010): 197-217.