Power in Peacekeeping

Lise Howard, Power in Peacekeeping (Cambridge University Press, 2019).

Summary

United Nations peacekeeping has proven remarkably effective at reducing the death and destruction of civil wars. But how peacekeepers achieve their ends remains under-explored. This book presents a typological theory of how peacekeepers exercise power. If power is the ability of A to get B to behave differently, peacekeepers convince the peacekept to stop fighting in three basic ways: they persuade verbally, induce financially, and coerce through deterrence, surveillance and arrest. Based on more than two decades of study, interviews with peacekeepers, unpublished records on Namibia, and ethnographic observation of peacekeepers in Lebanon, DR Congo, and the Central African Republic, this book explains how peacekeepers achieve their goals, and differentiates peacekeeping from its less effective cousin, counterinsurgency. It recommends a new international division of labor, whereby actual military forces hone their effective use of compulsion, while UN peacekeepers build on their strengths of persuasion, inducement, and coercion short of offensive force.

About the Author

Lise Morjé Howard is a tenured Associate Professor in the Department of Government at Georgetown University. She earned her M.A. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley, and her A.B. in Soviet Studies magna cum laude from Barnard College of Columbia University. She held pre- and post-doctoral fellowships at Stanford University (Center for International Security and Cooperation), Harvard University (Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs), and the University of Maryland (Center for International Development and Conflict Management). She was the founding director of the Master of Arts Program in Conflict Resolution at Georgetown, and has served as a Jennings Randolph Senior Fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Dr. Howard’s research and teaching interests span the fields of international relations, comparative politics, and conflict resolution. Her work focuses on civil wars, peacekeeping, U.S. foreign policy, and area studies of sub-Saharan Africa, the Balkans, and the Middle East. She has published articles and book chapters on these topics in such journals as International OrganizationInternational SecurityInternational Studies QuarterlyInternational Peacekeeping, Foreign Affairs, and with Oxford University Press. Her first book, UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars (Cambridge University Press, 2008), won the 2010 Book Award from the Academic Council on the UN System for the best book on the UN system published in the previous three years.

 

 
 
 

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