M.A. on Peace and Conflict Studies, Uppsala Universitet – Uppsala Universitet Alumnus  
Associate Researcher, Brazilian Association of Defence Studies (A.B.E.D.)

 

Areas of Expertise
Civil Wars and Intrastate Conflict, Diplomacy, Disarmament, Fragile States, Global Governance, Humanitarian Affairs, Organized Crime, Peacekeeping, United Nations

Region of Focus
Central and South Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, The Middle East

Background
Raphael Maretto is a Master of Arts on Peace and Conflict Studies, at Uppsala Universitet – Uppsala, Sweden. In addition, Mr. Maretto has several certificates, such as ‘Foreign Policy Analysis’ at the London School of Economics (L.S.E.), London, United Kingdom; ‘Training in Multi-Track Diplomacy for Peacebuilding’ at the Centre for International Development and Conflict Management (C.I.D.C.M.) at the University of Maryland, M.D., USA; ‘Conflict Management Training’ at the School of Conflict Analysis and Resolution (S-CAR), at the George Mason University, Fairfax, V.A., U.S.A.

Accordingly, his single and properly diversified professional experience is well-grounded upon the international system within the International Government Organizations system of States, with due career tracks related to various sectors  considering armed conflicts, namely upon victims, combatants and ex-combatants within D.D.R. and S.S.R. frameworks, on humanitarian coordination global and local task forces, such as the protection of civilians (internally displaced persons, refugees, mixed migrants, and communities at risk). He has worked in areas of armed conflict for the Organization of American States and for the United Nations in Nepal, in New York, in Colombia, in Somalia and in Geneva, where he most recently advised as a consultant, via the Brazilian Diplomatic Mission to the United Nations and other International Governmental Organizations, the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, as well as many other relevant core sections with due focus on UN Resolutions focused on non-State armed groups and co-related sectors to and within war-torn countries, in various other regions / continents and theirs respective actors, scenarios and theatre of operations.

Currently, Mr. Raphael Maretto works as independent consultant for the UN and its respective agencies, as an Associate Researcher at the Brazilian Association of Defence Studies (A.B.E.D.), and is a member of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS).

Recent Publications

Maretto, Raphael (2020), in “On the non-State armed groups and organized armed groups operational but not addressed in the Amazon trapezoid region”, UN OHCHR, The Working Group on the use of mercenaries, The United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG), Geneva, Switzerland.

Maretto, Raphael (2020), in “The Dionisio Foianini Triangle: Addressing and meeting the non-State armed actors, vis-à-vis the on-going national and international security dilemmas”, in Ludwig, Fernando José & Stremel, Luciano Barros, in ed., “(Re) Definições de fronteiras: desenvolvimento, segurança e integração”, Volume IV, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social de Fronteiras (I.D.E.S.F.) – Editora I.D.E.S.F., Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil;

Maretto, Raphael (2018), in “Security dilemmas in the Amazon trapezoid – an analysis on the non-State armed groups in the face of the international and national security dilemmas vis-à-vis the revision of the architecture of the United Nations system of States”, the Brazilian Association of Defence Studies (A.B.E.D.) & U.S.P., São Paulo, Brazil;

Maretto, Raphael (2018), in “The refugees and migrants´ international security dilemma – Addressing flows of refugees and migrants, vis-à-vis the challenges over the inclusion of the major though not exclusive perpetrators: States and the non-State armed groups for the optimization of transnational intervention policies within the realm of the revision of the architecture of the UN system of States”, the Academic Council on the United Nations System (A.C.U.N.S.) & the L.U.I.S.S. Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy;

Maretto, Raphael (2011), in “Expanding the Civilian Role in Peace Operations: Assessing Progress and Addressing Gaps”, Rapporteur on the Experts Workshop project: South America, the Swedish International Peace Research Institute (S.I.P.R.I.) & the Instituto Igarapé, the Pontifical Catholic University (P.U.C.) Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

Maretto, Raphael (2010), in “Rebuilding the Somali State in the 21st century”, in ed., “Horn of Africa Bulletin”, the Life and Peace Institute, Uppsala, Sweden;

Maretto, Raphael (2006), in “G.P.P.A.C. Case Study Research: Strengthening the Network in Latin America and the Caribbean region”, in Verkoren, Willemijn, in ed., “Networking for Peace: Opportunities for the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflicts – Issue Paper 3”, the European Centre for Conflict Prevention (E.C.C.P.), Den Haag, the Netherlands;

Maretto, Raphael (2006), in “O Brasil no século XXI: Perspectivas e Mecanismos de Resolução de Conflitos Armados”, in Brigagão, Clóvis & Mello, Valerie, in ed., “Diplomacia Cidadã – Panorama Brasileiro de Prevenção de Conflitos Internacionais”, Editora Gramma & the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (K.A.S.), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil;

Maretto, Raphael (2004), in “Intra-State Conflict Resolution Dynamics: Peace Processes and Public Participation – the cases of Colombia, Sierra Leone and Nepal”, in Prakash, Nirupama & Dash, Motilal, in ed., “Conflict Resolution: Peace and Development” – the Center of International Development and Conflict Management (C.I.D.C.M.), the University of Maryland, College Park, U.S.A. & the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (B.I.T.S.) – Pilani, the Rajasthan – The Jain Brothers – New Delhi, India.

Recent ACUNS Activity
The Academic Council on the United Nations System (A.C.U.N.S.) 2020 Annual Meeting / Maretto, Raphael (2020), in “The Amazon trapezoid re-structured as per the UN reformulation to strengthen regional and international peace and security”, in the Workshop session 4.4 “Reconsidering the Concepts and Practices of Peace” & Chair to the Workshop sessions: (a) 7.4 “Research and Education as Instruments of Multilateralism”; and (b) 16.2 “Partnering With (in) the UN: A Challenge?”, 25th – 27th June 2020, the London Metropolitan University, London, the United Kingdom;

The Academic Council on the United Nations System (A.C.U.N.S.) 2018 Annual Meeting / Maretto, Raphael (2018), “The refugees and migrants´ international security dilemma – Addressing flows of refugees and migrants, vis-à-vis the challenges over the inclusion of the major though not exclusive perpetrators: States and the non-State armed groups for the optimization of transnational intervention policies within the realm of the revision of the architecture of the UN system of States”, 12th – 14th July 2018, LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy;

The Academic Council on the United Nations System (A.C.U.N.S.) 2016 Annual Meeting / Maretto, Raphael (2016), in “The IR debate on the inclusion of non-State armed groups and the revised architecture of the international System of States”, in the 18th Workshop session “Contemporary Peacekeeping Challenges: Can the UN Adapt and Keep Up?”, 16th – 18th June 2016, Fordham University, New York, N.Y., U.S.A;

The Academic Council on the United Nations System (A.C.U.N.S. – A.S.I.L.) & the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (N.U.P.I.) Summer Workshop “The Evolution of UN Peace Operations: Contemporary Challenges and Requirements” / Maretto, Raphael (2015), in “The debate on international security over identity and power in relation to crises of State legitimacy and sovereignty – non-State armed groups and the international system of States”, The 2015 A.C.U.N.S. / A.S.I.L. Workshop co-hosted and held at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (N.U.P.I.), 26th October – 1st November, 2015,  Oslo, Norway.