Christine Balarezo, PhD

Adjunct Professor
Department of Political Science
University of North Texas


Dr. Christine Balarezo joins host Alistair Edgar for this Current Issues Podcast on Human Trafficking. Dr. Balarezo disccuses some of the myriad sources and causes of human trafficking. While she distinguishes between general and specific causes she also emphasizes the underlying impact of instability. Other recurrent themes include a tendency of trafficking from poor to rich, human trafficking for forced labour, and a high level of domestic trafficking. She also emphasizes that trafficking does not necessitate movement. While discussing the ways to reduce trafficking, Dr. Balarezo states that the lack of data collection is the largest issue preventing breakthroughs and that research needs to be done in order to create solutions. The discussion also addresses some of the most neglected issues in the study of human trafficking; including organ trafficking, sex trafficking of men, and the role of females as trafficking perpetrators.

Christine Balarezo’s website.

United Nations Department of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling website.

Definition of trafficking from the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (2003).

​Dr. Christine Balarezo is currently an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of North Texas. Previously, she was a Fulbright Postdoctoral Scholar at the University of Haifa, Israel, where she conducted fieldwork on human trafficking. Her work has been published in Social Science Quarterly, Journal of Political Science Education, and PS: Political Science and Politics. Christine’s research interests include human trafficking, human rights, and political, gender, and sexual violence.