|Essential Information||Program Theme & Policy Relevance||Learning Objectives||Workshop Benefits||Application Procedure|
Program Theme & Policy Relevance
In the famous expression of Louis Henkin, “almost all nations observe almost all principles of international law and almost all of their obligations almost all of the time” (Louis Henkin, How Nations Behave 1979).
Governments comply with international law not simply – or even primarily – because of the threat of sanctions, but for many other reasons: because they consider compliance to be in their national interests; they think this is the moral thing to do; they want to maintain friendly relations with other states; and because they don’t like to be the subject of international criticism for failing to do so. When states do not comply with international law, this might not be because of malign intentions and bad faith, but also because of lack of information or lack of capacity to comply. How can or should other states and the international community deal with governments of states that are willing, but unable to comply? What facilitation mechanisms and processes, what forms of support and incentive, can be envisaged to assist and encourage states in the implementation of international law?
At the ACUNS 2016 Workshop on International Organization Studies, ACUNS and Jindal Global University look forward to engaging with young scholars and practitioners on identifying and defining the limitations of imposing sanctions, and whether facilitating the implementation of international law through specific measures and mechanisms may offer an alternative model. In terms of more specific themes, the workshop would aim to invite applications from individuals with expertise in areas including but not limited to the following:
Climate Change. Comparing the facilitation implementation mechanisms (FIM) of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol with those in the 2015 Paris Agreement, demonstrating how bottom-up commitments might be achieved through facilitating their implementation and regular assessments and reviews.
Counter-Terrorism. The Security Council’s resolutions 1269, 1373 etc. established a mandatory regime to suppress financing and other activities supporting terrorism. A mechanism – the Counter-Terrorist Committee (CTC) – was established to facilitate states in their compliance with the terms of the resolutions.
International Criminal Justice. Article 17 of the Rome Statute contains the formula ‘states willing, but unable to investigate and prosecute’. What assistance can be offered to such states? Related to this is the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) Pillar Two, known as the “Assistance Pillar” whereby states and international organizations offer assistance to states that are ‘willing, but unable’ to protect their populations from mass atrocities. There is considerable controversy around whether such assistance can include the use of force – for example whether the air strikes by several states against ISIS in Iraq and Syria, or by Saudi Arabia in Yemen, can be seen as R2P Pillar Two engagement to protect civilians.
Disarmament. How can compliance with disarmament treaties be facilitated through international mechanisms? Related to this is demobilization and disarmament in post-conflict situations – how can these processes benefit from facilitation and international assistance?
Human rights. Most of the human rights regimes focus on punishing non-complying states, either through direct sanctions or through name-and-shame activism. What are the facilitating mechanisms that – either separately from, or in parallel with sanctions – can help to ensure states’ compliance with human rights regimes?
Participants in the workshop will gain scholarly and practice-based knowledge and applied skills in the analysis of a number of issue areas related to the workshop theme. In some measure, the specific issue areas will be determined by the research proposals of the selected participants, but more broadly the themes and skill-sets to be addressed may be anticipated to include (but not be limited to):
- Achieving strategic coherence between the political, security, development and human rights dimensions of peace operations;
- Managing and balancing the roles and interests of actors at the local, national, regional and global levels, including intergovernmental, non-governmental, and civil society parties, and across military and civilian policy sectors;
- The current state of knowledge regarding ideas and norms, policies, doctrine and practices, strengths and deficiencies, needs and resources, and ‘lessons learned’ related to UN peacekeeping and Special Political Missions;
- Identifying and reflecting upon the ‘lessons learned’ from the sharing of innovative proposals, ideas, and practices, between and among the next generation of scholars and practitioners, and how these best might be used to promote positive policy outcomes.
Through presentations by young scholars and practitioners (that is you!), case studies, guided research, special lectures and innovative pedagogies geared towards post-graduate level professionals, this workshop will encourage participants to improve their own skills and capacities for engaging constructively at different stages and in varying environments in the complex but critical areas of scholarship and practice in contemporary global peace operations.
Scholars in international relations and international law, and from other fields relevant to the workshop e.g. development, international public policy; and practitioners from NGOs and government institutions in all countries are encouraged to apply. Applications are due Monday, May 9, 2016, and must include all of the following:
- A brief (~1,000 words) statement of research interests apropos of the workshop themes
- Your curriculum vitae
- One letter of reference
- Application Form
Applicants will be notified of the Selection Committee’s final decision by July 4, 2016. Due to the high number of applications, the Committee is not able to provide individual explanations of its selection decisions.
Note for UN Secretariat Staff
If you are UN Secretariat Staff you should apply using the internal application. The instructions and form for applying as an internal applicant are available on this version of the flyer: