Mark Sedra of the University of Waterloo discusses the challenge of security sector reform, in particular the transformation of state security architecture in failed and/or fragile post-conflict environments. As a ‘linchpin’ of the state-building process, security sector reform has come to privilege people-focused, human security considerations. Sedra suggests that this conceptual broadening has brought forth numerous questions of civilian engagement, structures of local ownership, processes of democratic development, and considerations of contextual politics. Yet, for Sedra, a number of obstacles remain. These include the challenges of fostering coordination amongst donors, developing coherent programming, and institutionalizing norms of accountability and transparency in mandate creation. Sedra observes that these obstacles are further compounded by the strategic imperative of political willpower, which may not be present at the international level in a given endeavor. Finally, for Sedra, one must be conscious of the creeping securitization of development – a phenomenon having complicated the relationship between state and non-state entities engaged in security sector reform.
- Security Sector Reform Monitor
- Sedra, Mark. (2009). The future for security sector reform. http:// http://www.cigionline.org/publications/2009/7/future-security-sector-reform
- Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2007). The OECD DAC handbook on SSR: Supporting security and justice. http://www.oecd.org/documen/6/0,3343,en_2649_33693550_37417926_1_1_1_1,00.html
- Sedra, Mark. (2007). Security sector reform in Afghanistan and Iraq: Exposing a concept in crisis. Journal of Peacebuilding & Development 3 (2), 7-23.
- Security Sector Reform Resource Centre
Recorded on November 2009