Lise Morjé Howard of Georgetown University explores the historical origins and contemporary re-imaginations of multinational peacekeeping operations. In particular, recent transformations in the nature of armed conflict have contributed to the historical reshaping of interposition mandates – once marked by the consensual and impartial deployment of limited or nonexistent force within an interstate framework. In contrast, the contemporary period has come to encompass multidimensional peacekeeping operations in intrastate contexts, spanning the reformation of state-based institutions of governance, the provision of direct humanitarian assistance, and the facilitation of demilitarization processes, among other diverse outcomes. For Howard, it is important to recognize the complimentary development of long-term peacebuilding, which in some respects has contributed to the redefinition of ‘success’ and ‘failure’ in operational mandates. Although numerous challenges remain, valuable insight on peacekeeping can in fact be gained from the examination of competing interests, institutional innovations, and organizational learning opportunities at the United Nations.
Works by Dr. Lise Morjé Howard
- Fortna, V., & Howard, Lise Morje (2008). Pitfalls and Prospects in the Peacekeeping Literature. Annual Review of Political Science, 11, 283-301.
- Howard, L. (2008). UN Peacekeeping in Civil Wars. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Doyle, M., Durch, W. (Ed.), Sambanis, N. (2007). Twenty-first Century Peace Operations.
- Doyle, M., Sambanis, N. (2006). Peace: United Nations Peace Operations.
Recorded on September 2009