Jennifer Clapp of the University of Waterloo sheds light upon the topic of food security, with particular consideration of the structural prevalence of contemporary food crises. Discussing the vital linkage between poverty eradication and food security, Clapp points to the damaging impacts upon the impoverished by spikes in food prices. Yet, for Clapp, contemporary food crises are controversial, perhaps commonly misunderstood events. While market fundamentals must be considered in explanatory efforts, one must not ignore commodity investment and speculation, structural food import dependence, and imbalanced trade regimes. In responding to these concerns, Clapp concedes that there is no ‘magic bullet’ of sorts. Instead, multistakeholder responses must incorporate: reformation of problematic emergency aid structures; revisions to imbalanced trading regimes with food security in mind; regulatory responses to speculative financial practices; and meaningful investment in smallholder, sustainable agricultural systems. Perhaps most importantly, rhetorical devices must be superseded by policy actions.
- Heady, Derek and Shenggen Fan. (2008). Anatomy of a crisis: The causes and consequences of surging food prices. Agricultural Economics 30 (s1), 375-391.
- Patel, Raj. (2008). Stuffed and starved. Brooklyn, NY: Melville House.
- Weis, Tony. (2007). The global food economy: The battle for the future of farming. London, Zed.
Works by Dr. Jennifer Clapp
- Clapp, Jennifer. (2009). The global food crisis and international agricultural policy: Which way forward? Global Governance 15 (2), 299-312.
- Clapp, Jennifer and Doris Fuchs (Eds.). (2009). Corporate power in global agrifood governance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Clapp, Jennifer and Marc Cohen (Eds.). (2009). The global food crisis: Governance challenges and opportunities. Waterloo, ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.
Jennifer Clapp, Background
Professor, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo and
Chair, International Governance Innovation (CIGI)