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Ku, Charlotte and Harold K. Jacobson (eds). Democratic Accountability and the Use of Force in International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

The spread of democracy to a majority of the world’s states and the legitimization of the use of force by multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) have been two key developments since the end of World War II in 1945. From the 1990s, these developments have become intertwined as multilateral forces moved from traditional peacekeeping to peace enforcement among warring parties. This edited volume draws on the experiences of nine democracies – Canada, France, Germany, India, Japan, Norway, Russia, UK, and the USA – in the deployment of armed forces under the UN and NATO, asking who has been and should be accountable to the citizens of these nations, and to the citizens of states who are the object of deployments, for the decisions made in such military operations. The authors conclude that a mixed system of accountability has developed with national-level mechanisms playing the key role in ensuring democratic accountability of national and international decision-makers.

Entry Submitted By: Charlotte Ku

About the author of this entry: Charlotte Ku is Professor of Law and Assistant Dean of Graduate and International Legal Studies at the University of Illinois College of Law. Professor Ku served as Executive Vice President and Executive Director of the American Society of International Law from 1992 to 2006 and was Chair of the Board of Directors of the Academic Council on the United Nations System from 1998 to 2000. She has published on issues relating to international law, international relations, and global governance.