“Dag Hammarskjöld served as second Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1953 to 1961. During his two terms in office he and his team created and applied a series of innovative techniques for conflict intervention. These went hand in hand with his particular mediation and diplomacy style. This paper describes the negotiations he initiated with various results in the Suez crisis (1956) and the Congo (1960/61). It discusses the successes, and the limitations, of the ‘Hammarskjöld approach’. It places the negotiation efforts of an individual in the context of wider policy interests and considers what determined the success or failure of these efforts. It concludes by looking at what we can learn from Hammarskjöld’s values and principles.”
About the Author
Henning Melber is Senior Adviser and Director Emeritus of the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation. He has served as Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Kassel University, Director of the Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit in Windhoek, and Research Director of the Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala. Henning is an Extraordinary Professor at the University of Pretoria and at the Centre for Africa Studies of the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein. Henning directed the Foundation from 2006 to 2012. He holds a PhD in Political Sciences and Development Studies.